How to tune Guitar. Tuning Guitar.

Tuning guitar is the first skill any guitarist has to master/ No matter how well you play, it won't sound any good if the guitar is out of tune.

Guitar Tuning Pitch

tuning guitar - electric tuner with microphone for acoustic guitar tuning

Some electronic tuners are fitted with an internal microphone to allow an acoustic guitar to be tuned.
Tuning guitar. Tuning fork

A tuning fork Is normally used to find the true pitch.
A guitar can be tuned so that all the strings are 'in tune' with one another, and this can sound fine if you are playing alone or unaccompanied. However, if you intend to play with other musicians or along to a recording, then you'll need to make sure that your guitar is tuned to 'concert pitch'. Technically, that means that the note A. when played on the fifth fret of the first string (the A above middle C on a piano), is vibrating at 440 hertz (cydes per second). In practice, guitarists in a band will usually tune up to a keyboard or use an electronic tuner for reference. Acoustic guitarists sometime still use a tuning fork to find a 'true' pitch.

The open strings of the guitar, from the lowest note (thickest string) to the highest (thinnest string) should be tuned as shown below.

Tuning at the Fifth Fret

Once you have tuned the low string to the pitch of E you can use this as the starting point from which to tune all the other strings.

tuning guitar, how to tune guitar

1. Begin tuning guitar by playing a note on the fifth fret of the low E string, this will produce the note A. You should then turn the fifth string machine head (tuning peg) until the pitch of this open string matches the fretted note on the lower string. If the open fifth string sounds higher than the fretted A note then you should rotate the machine head to slacken the string if the open fifth string sounds too low then you should tighten the string.

tuning guitar, how to tune guitar

2. Once you have tuned the A string, you can produce the note of D by picking a note at the fifth fret this will provide you with the pitch you need to tune the open D string accurately. You can then use the same method for tuning the open G string, i.e. by adjusting it to match the note played on the fifth fret of the D string on guitar.

tuning guitar, how to tune guitar

3. The procedure of tuning your guitar changes slightly when you come to the B string. You need to tune this to the pitch of the note on the fourth fret of the G string. Once the B string is in tune, fretting it at the fifth fret will produce the note E: you should adjust the open first string to match this pitch.

tuning guitar, how to tune guitar

Once you've completed this process, listen closely to various chords at different positions on the neck and make any final tuning adjustments.

It's important to remember that a guitar is not a synthesizer, and characteristic imperfections in a guitar's components can affect its intonation (the accuracy of its pitch at all positions) as well as its tone. These characteristics are not necessarily bad things and can give a guitar a unique personality. They can also make it easier or harder to keep a guitar in tune.

Unless you are fitting new strings, you will not need to make large turns on the machine heads. If you tune your guitar regularly, then a few small tuning adjustments should be all it normally needs.

acoustic guitar tuning

You should now be able to have a go at tuning your guitar.